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PRE-TRAINING PERCEIVED WELLNESS IMPACTS TRAINING OUTPUT IN FOOTBALL PLAYERS

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During training, a football player's perceived wellness affects the training output that he or she is able to produce. Pre-training perceived wellness is a relatively new concept in the sports world, but it's been shown that it is a very important factor to consider when training players.

Multidimensional approach predicts wellness status of football players

Using big data analytics, a multidimensional approach can predict the wellness status of football players before training. This type of approach is important because the amount of data available to exercise scientists is increasing.


The machine learning framework developed for this study predicts players' wellness status based on their previous workloads. The framework may improve decision-making during training workload scheduling. This approach may also have practical implications for athletic trainers. In addition, the model may enhance understanding of how training responds to individual players.

Previous studies have attempted to identify a relationship between training workloads and players' wellness status. However, previous works have used a mono-dimensional approach and overlooked complex patterns in the data.


The multi-dimensional approach provides more accurate prediction capabilities. Its ability to make predictions may be useful for coaches to schedule training sessions and athletes to make better adaptations to training.

The machine learning approach uses a combination of big data and historical data to predict players' wellness status based on their training workloads. In addition, this approach can be customized for each team.

Relationships between training load and wellness

Several studies have investigated subjective measures of wellness in the context of training. Other studies have investigated athletes' responses to exercise and training. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between training load and perceived wellness in elite male beach soccer players. In this study, data was collected over three consecutive days during a preparation camp for the FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup Russia 2021.


A validated wellness questionnaire was used to assess the general well being of the players. It contained questions on fatigue, sleep quality, stress level, mood, and general muscle soreness. Data were collected at the end of each training session and after each match. Players were required to provide a signed informed consent form.


There was a small but meaningful association between overall wellness and training load. Overall wellness scores were reduced by one unit for every four units of training load. There were also significant correlations between s-RPE training load and soreness. s-RPE training load was reduced by 4.4% for every one unit of soreness.

Effects of fatigue on football players

During soccer matches, physiological fatigue and recovery can have a negative impact on performance. Fatigue is a condition that occurs at the end of a game, and it depletes muscle glycogen, causing a decrease in physical performance. The mechanisms underlying fatigue are not completely understood. However, fatigue is associated with a reduction in muscle temperatures, and disturbances in ion homeostasis in muscle cells. In addition, the presence of an injury can influence biochemical responses. Boosting energy and focusing can be accomplished by taking maeng da kratom powder.


It is important to understand the physiology of fatigue and recovery in order to optimize performance. However, there is a lack of consensus about how many markers to use and the appropriate time period to monitor. The bedrock for systematic monitoring is debatable, and one-off data can result in inaccurate benchmark profiling of fatigue responses.

Monitoring the fatigue and recovery of football players is an important aspect of professional soccer preparation. However, the available data is limited, due to logistical constraints and staff buy-in.

Conclusions

Various studies have explored the relationships between pre-training subjective wellness and subsequent training load output. This present paper evaluates the association between pre-training subjective wellness and external and internal training load.


The relationship between pre-training subjective wellness and external and/or internal load output was studied using linear mixed models. These models account for correlation within repeated measures for each athlete.

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